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This Day in History

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Thought I would get this thread kicked off.  Todays questions ask's which team did the Springboks beat to win the Rudgby World Cup 1995.

The answer is that the beat the Host Nation and favourites, The All Blacks 15-12 after extra time.

There was controversy surrounding this game as The All Blacks were apparently suffering from food poisoning.  The manager at the time, Colin Meads blames some dodgy milk that the team drank after a heavy night out two days before the final, and some have blamed a mysterious teadlady by the name of "Suzie"

This was the first time South Africa had been permitted to enter the tournament after the abolishment of Apartheid and also the first time that the Tournament had only been hosted by one Nation.

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Answer TDiH questions on this thread

Awesome, thanks for starting this thread. I shall link to it from the TDiH box.

Be the first to post your answer here every day!

Kuncen

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The Battle of Little Bighorn

Today's question asks who lead the Indian Alliance.

The answer is Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake, known in English as Sitting Bull, assisted in command by Tȟašúŋke Witkó (Crazy Horse) and Phizí (Chief Gall).

in 1881 Sitting Bull performed in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show for a spell. An arrest warrant was issued for him in 1890 because of fears he would use his influence to support Ghost Dance, and Indian Religious movement which was sweeping the country at the time. During the arrest of Sitting Bull, a struggle broke out which ended with guns being fired, and two people, Red Tomahawk and Bullhead shot the most famous of Indian Leaders. Red Tomahawk is recognised as the actual killer, due to shot he fired being to the head.

The whereabouts of Sitting Bull's remains are contested, some saying that they are in the original burial place stated, Fort Yates, North Dakota and others believe he rests in Mobridge, South Dakota after residents attempted to steal the bones and relocate him 1953.

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Today's answer

The story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin may have been inspired by an event which killed the children of Hamelin, possibly the plague.

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Mormaon answer

Brigham Young - easy one as there were alot of Mormons at my school.

Dave (not verified)
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Last pair of Great Auks

Last pair of Great Auks killed in Iceland. Bastards.

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I want SPAM!

SPAM is made of - Pork shoulder, Ham, Salt, Water, Starch and sodium Nitrate.

It comes in several flavours including - # pam Classic – original flavor
# Spam Hot & Spicy – with tabasco flavor
# Spam Less Sodium – "25% less sodium"
# Spam Lite – "33% less calories and 50% less fat"
# Spam Oven Roasted Turkey
# Spam Hickory Smoke flavor
# Spam Spread – "if you're a spreader, not a slicer ... just like Spam Classic, but in a spreadable form"
# Spam with Bacon
# Spam with Cheese
# Spam Garlic
# Spam Golden Honey Grail – a limited-release special flavor made in honor of Monty Python's SPAMALOT Broadway musical
# Spam Mild

It was the butt of a Classic Monty Python sketch, which then lead to the name given to unsolicited emails, has given Austin Texas is nickname "Spamtown", and features on several Macdonald's and Burger King menus....appropriate to say the least.

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The Biafran War

The answer to yesterday's/today's question is Medecins Sans Frontieres. On another note of interest the question was posed word for word on The Free Dictionary!. Gotcha :)

Dave (not verified)
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12th Street Riots

The 12th Street Race Riot was put down when the president sent in the Army and the National Guard. The Wikipedia article makes for fascinating reading. I was not aware of this event at all, previously.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Street_Riot

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Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109

JFk cut a message on a coconut, which was then delivered by two very brave Solomon Islanders, who will probably never get the recognition they deserve.

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Sharon Tate

Sharon Tate was the second of Roman Polanski's three wives. Polanski was recently released is still dodging a US warrant for his arrest due to sex with a minor dating back to the 1970's, managed to film Tess of the D'urbervilles in France, as has yet to make a film that does not want to vomit due to boredom.

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David Berkowitz and hair dye.

The reason women were cutting and dying their hair was because it was published that he targeted women with Long Brown hair, and blond wigs were not available due to the demand.  I would recommend the Spike Lee Movie Summer of Sam.

Evelyn (not verified)
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Cleopatra

Egypt was troubled by the horrible asp, and so was Cleopatra.

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Challenged theory

This theory was challenged earlier this year, with a suggestion that Cleopatra poisoned herself.  Even the oldest source, claims that there were two versions of the story, one with the Asp, and one where she applied a toxic ointment.  Others have suggested that Augustus had her killed.

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Anglo-Zanzibar War

The British demanded two things :-

  1. The German Consulate, which was providing asylum for Khalid bin Bargash be handed over, which they did.  Bargash did a runner, was recaptured 20 years later, then allowed to live out his days in Mombasa.
  2. Britian also demanded that the Zanzibar Government pay for the shells they fired.  Rather cheeky!
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How to become a Saint.

Good question, which could kick off a storm.  As it happens anyone on their way, or in heaven is a saint.  By that measure we are all already saints.  However for the Pope to declare you a saint The Catholic Church selects some of the most extraordinary examples, does in-depth research, and canonizes them.

  • Canonization is the solemn declaration by the Pope that a deceased member of the faithful may be proposed as a model and intercessor (not mediator) to the Christian faithful on the basis of the fact that the person lived a life of heroic virtue or remained faithful to God through martyrdom.

    Here is the modern method of canonization:

    In order to allow greater objectivity and less emotion, no petition for sainthood can be made until at least 5 years after the candidate’s death.

    + Diocesan Investigation +

    A diocese, parish, religious congregation, or association asks the bishop of the diocese in which the candidate died to open the investigation. After Vatican approval, the bishop forms a diocesan tribunal.

    Witnesses are called before the tribunal to recount the candidate’s heroic exercise of Christian virtues. All documents regarding the candidate must be gathered.

    At this point he is entitled to the title of Servant of God.

    + Vatican Investigation +

    All documentation is passed on to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints at the Vatican.

    The cause undergoes an examination by nine theologians.

    If passed, the cause is for examined by the Congregation.

    If passed, the cause is presented to the Pope for approval. A decree is published and read publicly.

    + Beatification +

    A miracle attributed to the Servant of God is necessary.

    The miracle must be proven through an appropriate investigation and another decree is issued.

    Then the Pope decides on beatification.

    With beatification, the candidate receives the title of Blessed.

    + Canonization +

    Another miracle occurring after beatification is needed for canonization (sainthood), attributed to the Blessed’s intercession.

    This miracle must again be proven through an appropriate investigation.

    Papal infallibility is involved with canonization.

    The Blessed acquires the title of Saint.

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Hawker Hurricane - Hewy Question

This should be Hewy answering this question, but since he has not taken the bait I will.  The Hawker Hurricane's reported top speed is 325MPH (Bloody quick for their day) depending on sources and different variants of the plane (The Sea Hurricane Mk IIC achieved this speed).  It had the majority of wins for the RAF in The Battle of Britain. 

Bit of a plane then.

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  A day late but what the

A day late but what the who!

The Hawker (Siddeley) Hurricane's top speed was 335 mph.

Like it's young sister the Spitfire it had met with some resistance when on the drawing board as the stuffy British aviation bods were not convinced of the effectiveness of monoplane construction as biplanes had been used since the dawn of aviation and being still a relatively new evolution it's safety was called into question. The Hurricane was invented by Sydney Camm, a true genius of the aviation world who had been building the most advanced biplanes in the world for the Hawker aircraft company who in 1935 became Hawker Siddeley (although they stuck with the "Hawker" only branding until the 60's) after they bought out J D Siddeley's automotive, engine and aircraft companies. 

It is fitting that the anniversary of the Hurricanes flight comes in the same week as the final farewell formation of Sydney Camms most phenomenal creation the Hawker Siddeley P.1127/Kestrel, later to become Harrier took to the skies of the UK to fly over significant landmarks of the aircraft's history. http://forums.airshows.co.uk/viewtopic.php?f=42&t=28800&sid=72391dbd139d7b0664497946a43cfaa5

The Tories once again planting a nail firmly in the coffin of British ingenuity and design. 

As well as the Harrier (the worlds first operational V/TOL fixed wing fighter) Camm designed the Hawker Hunter, one of the most successful British aircraft designs ever which broke the world airspeed record and was exported all over the world.

I've had the privilege as a 16 year old boy of sitting on the tailplane of a Hurricane as it started it's engine whilst on duty at Finningley Airshow as an air cadet. The smell and back draft was a moment I will never lose. As is the warmth of the down-draft from the mighty vectored thrust Pegasus engine from the Harrier I and my friend caught at a rained off Sunderland Airshow in the mid 1990's. Whilst all the other aircraft were grounded and everyone had took shelter from the downpour my friend and I (again on duty) braved it and had our own little display. Marvellous.

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Charles II

This is either a trick question or the answer is based on the inaccuracies of the information linked to the picture of the London Gazette. 

His court never moved to Oxford, it moved to Salisbury. His parliament did move to Oxford however, to avoid The Plague.

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Quetzalcoatl

I believe that Montezuma believed Cortes to be the reincarnation of Quetzalcoatl.

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Flying Scotsman Record

The Flying Scotsman broke the record for the longest journey by a Steam Train in 1989 when it travelled 442 miles from Parkes to Broken Hill.  If you are interested in taking a Steam Train Journey in the UK, you can find a link with journeys here.

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Great googley-moogley!

Great googley-moogley! (I think that's Scottish but I could be wrong)